Basic SAQL Tutorial

Salesforce Analytics Query Language (SAQL) is a powerful tool within the Salesforce platform for analyzing large datasets. Here’s a basic tutorial for someone new to Salesforce and SAQL:

1. Understand the Basics of SAQL:

  • SAQL vs. SOQL: SAQL is used in Salesforce Analytics (also known as Einstein Analytics), while SOQL (Salesforce Object Query Language) is used for querying records in the Salesforce database.
  • Purpose: SAQL is primarily used for complex data transformations and analytics, especially in the context of Wave Analytics.

2. Accessing SAQL in Salesforce:

  • Navigate to the Analytics Studio in Salesforce.
  • You can write SAQL queries in the query editor of a Dataflow, or within a Lens or Dashboard.

3. Basic SAQL Query Structure:

A typical SAQL query has the following structure:

q = load "<datasetAPIName>";
q = group q by '<fieldName>';
q = foreach q generate '<fieldName>', count() as 'count';
q = limit q 2000;


  • Load: This loads the dataset you want to query.
  • Group: This groups the data by a specific field.
  • Generate: This selects the fields and aggregates (like count()) you want in your results.
  • Limit: This limits the number of records returned.

4. Writing Your First SAQL Query:

  • Step 1: Identify the dataset you want to analyze.
  • Step 2: Write the query. For example, to count the number of opportunities by stage, you could write:
q = load "Opportunities";
q = group q by 'Stage';
q = foreach q generate 'Stage', count() as 'Count';
q = limit q 2000;


  • Step 3: Execute the query in the Analytics Studio and view the results.

5. Understanding Aggregations and Functions:

  • Aggregations: like sum(), count(), avg(), min(), and max().
  • Functions: You can use functions like filter to narrow down your data.

6. Practice with Different Scenarios:

  • Try different queries with various datasets.
  • Experiment with grouping, filtering, and aggregating data.

7. Explore Advanced Features:

  • Once you’re comfortable, explore more advanced SAQL features like joins, window functions, and more complex aggregations.

8. Utilize Resources and Documentation:

  • Salesforce provides extensive documentation and tutorials. Make use of these resources to deepen your understanding.

9. Troubleshooting and Debugging:

  • Check for syntax errors.
  • Ensure your dataset names and field names are correct.
  • Start with simple queries and gradually add complexity.


SAQL is a powerful tool for data analysis within Salesforce. Start with basic queries and gradually explore more complex scenarios. Utilize Salesforce’s resources and community forums for guidance and support. Practice is key to mastering SAQL.

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